Electric Vehicle (EV)
Pilot EV project
In accordance with the government's policy to promote domestic Electric Vehicles, the following goals need to be achieved: complete converting government-owned vehicles and public transport buses by 2030 to electric, also for whole the new sales motorbikes by 2035(postponed), and Electric Vehicles by 2040. Therefore, Taiwan Power Company (TPC) has transformed itself from an original power facilitator to an active participant, and also formulated the following plans for implementation:
(1)Maintain stable power supply: In accordance with the government's policy to promote domestic Electric Vehicles, the development of EV and the growth of charging stations, TPC do their best to make sure the power supply, and plan the infrastructure to deal with future power demand.
(2)Mitigating the impact of power supply: Continuously guide charging operators to use the Energy Management System (EMS) for Electric Vehicle charging control. Disperse the charging time by scheduling, and use the demand response and Time of Use(TOU) plans mechanism to suppress the peak load during off-peak hours charging.
(3)Smart power management: Establish an Electric Vehicle (EV) charging demonstration field to display smart power management technology, and study the appropriate operation mode of Electric Vehicle charging for achieving the effect of efficient energy utilization through appropriate charging and discharging scheduling and effective energy management.
The charging time of Electric Vehicles (EV) varies according to different charging environments. Except that the charging mode of the car owner is relatively regular at home, the remaining charging environments, such as destinations (like office buildings, hotels, shopping malls, etc.) and highway rest stations, are related to the popularity of EV and the utilization rate of charging facilities in that region. Therefore, the peak hours and off-peak hours of Electric Vehicle power consumption in various environments vary greatly.
Therefore, in the face of future domestic electricity demand for Electric Vehicles and slowing down investment in power supply equipment, TPC continues to guide charging manufacturers to introduce an EMS for charging control. In addition to dispersing the charging time by scheduling, the current demand response and TOU plans mechanism of TPC can be used to encourage EV to charge at off-peak hours for suppressing peak loads and thus improving energy efficiency.
EV service fleet
Electric Vehicle charging facilities are the electricity equipment of consumer. Relevant applications for electricity use and application for meter installation must be handled according to the "Business Regulations" which is in compliance with the approval of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, stipulated by TPC. According to the electricity equipment capacity requested by the user (including newly installed electricity equipment, added electricity equipment, etc.), the TPC team will evaluate the regional load situation and feeder capacity margin, and install power transformers in time to provide the electric power needed for charging facilities. Business Regulations has been placed under the terms of Taipower's website (www.taipower.com.tw) for the electricity consumer to follow.
EV charging Infrastructures
The domestic development of related Electric Vehicle charging infrastructure (such as charging facilities, and charging services) was planned and built by industry manufacturers. The main settings of domestic charging facilities are shown in the following table, and all of its electricity is supplied by TPC. The TPC will continue to provide sufficient, stable power and plan related power infrastructure to sustain a friendly environment for the development of domestic Electric Vehicles.
In 2020, TPC will construct Electric Vehicle smart charging demonstration fields in the business offices of Taipei and Kinmen, as summarized below:
(1)Each business offices have built two DC charging device with a total output of 50 kW, which can support CHAdeMO and CCS1 charging interfaces. Therefore, once the public head to TPC for negotiating business, their Electric Vehicles could be used for charging.
(2)Utilize the functions such as Energy Management System (EMS) and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to validate smart energy management technology such as charging and discharging data collection, schedule management, and Vehicle to Grid (V2G).
To attend the construction of EV charging infrastructure, and provide charging services for customers, TPC plan to build 2 EV charging devices in 5 major cities (New Taipei city, Taoyuan city, Taichung city, Tainan city, and Kaohsiung city)which own more licensed EV. The charging devices apply CNS 15511 interface, which output AC 7kW, and is expected to finish on 2021.